Type 2 DM
Type 2 DM can be due to insulin resistance or combined with insulin deficiency. It is mainly due to lifestyle factors and genetics. It is more likely to occur in people who are overweight and physically inactive. Diet also influences the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Consumption of sugar sweetened drinks in excess and diet with saturated fats and trans fatty acids increases the risk of type 2 DM. The complications of type 2 DM includes cardiovascular diseases, blindness and kidney failure. The risk of developing type 2 DM increases with age. It is also inheritable.
This type of diabetes affects women during their pregnancy. During pregnancy, some women show high blood sugar levels. Not enough insulin would be present to transport the glucose to the cells. Managing diabetes during pregnancy includes dietary changes and continuous monitoring of blood glucose levels. If required, insulin may also be given.
Gestational DM is completely curable. It requires careful medical supervision throughout pregnancy. If undetected or not treated on time, then gestational DM leads to complications in both mother and fetus. In most of the cases, it disappears after delivery. In few of them, it results in type 2 DM after the delivery.
Prediabetes is a condition in which a person has high blood glucose levels but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Majority of the diabetics have been in this condition initially.