Doctors say that fatty liver doesn’t cause any damage to your body on its own. But the buildup of the fatty tissue may lead to liver damage which is severe which includes scarring and inflammation. Intake of fat and calories more than your liver can process causes fatty liver. As a result, the fats replace the liver cells making the liver prone to damage. Even though weight gain and fatty diet is the main cause, diabetes, alcohol abuse and hyperlipidemia also can increase the chances of the disease. Fatty liver symptoms do not appear at first and may start to appear as years pass by.
Fatty Liver Symptoms
Since the fatty liver symptoms do not appear at first, you may not even realize having this disease. As years pass by, you may experience the below problems:
- Weight loss or appetite
- Trouble concentrating, poor judgement or confusion
Some other symptoms may also appear. Your liver may enlarge. You may experience pain either in the center or in the right upper part of your abdomen. Dark colored patches may appear on the skin of your neck or under your arms. The symptoms may start to get worse with heavy drinking after a period if you have alcoholic liver disease. Your liver may also get scarred which is a condition known as cirrhosis. As a result you might experience the following:
- Bleeding inside your body
- Wasting of muscles
- Buildup of fluid in the body
- Liver failure
Fatty Liver Diagnosis
A routine checkup helps to diagnose the fatty liver disease. Your family doc may notice your liver to be larger than normal. Following are the other ways by which your doc may diagnose the disease:
Biopsy – Your doctor takes out a piece of liver by putting a needle through the skin after numbing the respective area. Then he examines it under a microscope and looks for any signs of fat, damaged liver cells and inflammation.
Blood Tests – High levels of certain enzymes means that you have got fatty liver disease.
Ultrasound – Sound waves is used to get an image of your liver. Your doctor may also suggest an MRI or a cat scan to get additional pictures of the liver.
Fatty Liver Treatment
No particular treatment is available for this condition. If you have diabetes, then you can improve your condition by managing diabetes. In case of alcoholic liver disease, quitting is what you have to do if you are a heavy drinker. You may get complications like cirrhosis or alcoholic hepatitis if you do not stop drinking.
Avoiding drinking can also help in case of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Lose weight gradually if you are overweight or obese. The pounds you knock off should not be more than 1 or 2 per week. Exercise regularly and eat a well balanced and healthy fatty liver diet. It’s best to limit the intake of high carbs like rice, bread, grits, corn and potatoes. Also you need to cut down on sugary drinks like fruit juices and sports drinks.