Headaches – Types and Symptoms

headachesThere are many various types of headaches. Even though not all the headaches are same, they do have one thing in common i.e. they cause pain. But most of the headaches do cause other symptoms like nausea and vomiting. This article addresses the most common types of headache and their symptoms

Tension Headaches

It is also called stress headache or chronic non-progressive headache or chronic daily headaches. It is the most common type that occurs among adults and teens. They come and go over time. Usually cause mild to moderate pain. People suffering from tension headaches commonly report the following symptoms:

Episodic Tension Headaches (occur less than 15 days per month)

  1. Constant band like pressure or pain which is mild to moderate.
  2. It affects the top, front or sides of the head.
  3. Pain will usually last from about 30 minutes to many days.
  4. Headache begins gradually and more often occurs in the middle of the day.

Chronic Tension Headaches (occur more than 15 days per month)

  1. Pressure or pain comes and goes for a prolonged time period.
  2. Intensity of the pain varies throughout the day but it is almost present always.

Associated Symptoms of Tension Headache include the following:

  1. Irritability
  2. Fatigue which is chronic
  3. Difficulty in falling asleep as well as staying asleep
  4. Experience headache upon waking up.
  5. General muscle ache
  6. Distracted concentration
  7. Mild sensitivity to noise or light


We can describe migraines as throbbing and pounding pain. They usually last from about 4 hrs to 3-4 days and can happen one to four times in a month. In addition to the pain, people will also experience other symptoms. The symptoms of migraines may occur in various combinations and include the following:

  1. Pain which is moderate to severe. It can affect whole head or may shift from one side to the other side of the head.
  2. Sensitivity to noise or light or odors
  3. Fatigue
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Fever in rare cases
  6. Loss of appetite
  7. Paleness
  8. Stomach upset, abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting
  9. Dizziness
  10. Sensations of being very cold or very warm

Cluster Headaches

Cluster headache is intense and you will experience piercing or burning pain behind the eyes, either constant or throbbing. It is the least common type but is the most severe type. The pain will be so bad that most people who suffer from cluster headache will not be able to sit still and will often pace during the attack.

Since they tend to happen in groups, they are called cluster headaches. You may get them 1 to 3 times in a day during an attack. This may last from 2 weeks to 3 months. The headaches disappear for months or years completely but may come back again.

  1. Pain usually occurs in the eye region or behind the eye without changing sides.
  2. Headache occurs regularly usually at the same time each day and awakes the person during the night at the same time.
  3. Duration of the pain is generally from 30 to 90 minutes. The headache will disappear but may occur later in the day.
  4. Some may experience 1 to 3 headaches per day and some up to 8 per day during the cluster period.

Sinus Headaches

With this type of headache, you will feel deep and constant pain in you forehead, cheekbones or the bridge of your nose. They usually occur when sinuses, the cavities in the head get inflamed. Other symptoms also occur along with pain.

With straining or sudden movement of the head, the pain becomes intense. It occurs with other sinus symptoms such as feeling of fullness in the ears, nasal discharge, facial swelling and fever.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *