Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a set of symptoms which arise due to hormonal imbalances in women. Our body produces hormones which regulate many processes including growth and energy production. As in most of the cases the hormone triggers the release of another hormone which further regulates a process.
But in a person diagnosed with Polycystic ovary syndrome, the hormones get out of balance. Changes in one hormone effects another which in turn changes another hormone. Generally the male hormone Androgen is produced in tiny quantities in women. But in the one diagnosed with PCOS, the quantity increases. This is the main reason for most of the symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome.
The women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome will have small cysts on their ovaries. These cysts are fluid filled and contain immature eggs. Because of the cysts, it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are harmless but can cause hormonal imbalance.
PCOS can be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is no cure for it and treatment is given only to control the symptoms. It is the most common endocrine disorder among women of the reproductive age.