The World Health Organization called it a pandemic as swine flu was spreading fast around the world in 2009. From then on people are getting sick from H1N1 flu but not as many when it first appeared. Even though swine flu isn’t that scary as it was a few years ago, but still it is important to protect yourself from it. Swine flu symptoms are pretty much the same as seasonal flu. It can also cause more serious health issues for some people just like seasonal flu.
Symptoms of Swine Flu
Swine flu symptoms are very much like those of regular influenza. These include the following:
- Sore throat
- Running nose
- Body aches
Swine Flu Diagnosis
Your doctor will make the swine flu diagnosis by taking a sample fluid from your body. In order to take the sample, the doctor or nurse may swab your throat or nose. Analysis of the swab is done to identify the specific type of virus using various laboratory and genetic techniques.
Swine Flu Treatment
As part of treatment, medication is not necessary for most cases of swine flu. There is no need to see a doctor unless you have a risk of developing any medical complications due to the flu. Your focus has to be on relieving the swine flu symptoms and preventing its spread to others.
For swine flu treatment, two antiviral drugs are recommended viz, Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) and Relenza (Zanamivir) which are oral drugs. As the flu viruses may develop resistance to the drugs, they are more often given to people who are at a risk of developing complications from the flu. People who are normally healthy and if they get H1N1 flu, they can fight the infection on their own.
Relief From Swine Flu Symptoms
At home you can manage the symptoms of swine flu which are similar to regular flu. Below are the methods:
- Drink plenty of water or other fluids to prevent dehydration. Clear fruit juices and soups help to replenish the lost nutrients in your body.
- Take plenty of rest as this helps your immune system to focus on fighting off the infection.
- For symptoms such as sore throat and headache, you can take any over the counter pain killers.
Preventing Swine Flu
The best method for swine flu prevention is to get an yearly flu vaccination. Other ways for swine flu prevention include the following:
- Wash hands with soap or a hand sanitizer more often.
- Try to avoid large gatherings when swine flu is in prevalence.
- Stay at home away from school or work when ill.
- Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.